Thursday, February 6, 2020
Cell City - Essay Example Cells can be structurally divided into two groups i.e. the prokaryotes and the eukaryotes. The basic difference between these two groups is that eukaryotes contain a nuclear membrane which surrounds the nucleus and the materials embedded in it whereas in prokaryotic cells the genetic material inside the nucleus is not surrounded by a membrane. The cells present in animals and plants are eukaryotic whereas the cells in bacteria, cyanobacteria, and mycoplasmas are prokaryotic. Organelles are part of cells which work together to complete the functions of the cells. As plant and animal cells are eukaryotic this essay would revolve around the eukaryotic cells only. The eukaryotic cells, in other words, have membrane-bounded organelles. Its constituents are the plasma membrane, Endoplasmic Reticulum, Ribosomes, Mitochondria, Golgi Apparatus, Lysosomes, Nucleus, Flagella, Cilia, Cell wall, Chloroplast, and vacuoles. The animal cells and plant cells have a difference of cell wall, vacuoles, and chloroplasts. The cell functions as a city to complete its functions. All the organelles work together just like in a city with collaboration so that the city is clean and everything goes on smoothly. These are the organelles of the cell which function together to produce qualitative results. The cell membrane is a very important structure which forms the outer covering of the cells. Its integrity and normal working are essential for the proper functioning of the human body as well as the carrying out of normal metabolic functions.... The main components of the cell membrane are the lipids and the proteins with the proteins forming a major component of the membrane. Fifty five percent of the cell membrane is constituted by proteins. That is for approximately fifty molecules of lipids, there is one protein molecule present. The proteins have a very important role to play in maintaining the shape of the cell membrane which is crucial for maintaining the form and working of the cell as well. Similarly in cities if these authorities let everyone enter the city then the integrity of the city can be put at stake. Proteins also have the ability to work as pumps for the passage of ions by the process of active transport which works against the normal diffusion gradient. They also act as carriers and work in moving substances by the process of facilitated diffusion which involves the movement of secondary substances in association with proteins for the purpose of transport. Glycolipids and glycoproteins also fulfill the fu nctions of the authorities in the city (1; 2; 7). Cytoplasm Cytoplasm is a fluid like substance inside the cell which has many proteins, electrolytes and glucose. It has different organelles embedded in it which function together to perform the city functions. Cytoplasm in a real city can be referred to as the land where different authorities are working together. When someone builds places on the land then the spaces of the land become hidden to anyoneÃ¢â¬â¢s view and the same happens with the cytoplasm in which the organelles take the role of the places built in the city (3; 5; 7). Endoplasmic Reticulum The endoplasmic reticulum is a broad vesicular structure which contains of the endoplasmic matrix. Substances
Tuesday, January 28, 2020
Ordering System Essay Introduction There are many approaches to guarantee that a business can achieve success. Among such business are the printing press and one of the approaches is ordering process. Ã Ordering is the process of arranging orders of customers. The way of handling the process should be swift and organized to attain satisfactory services. Printing press has spread and evolved almost in every country and around the world bringing its name in the business industry.Ã However, considering that printing press require funds, there is a need that there is an effective and reliable ordering system. In most cases printing press has the traditional ordering system or the manual. These are some which have employed the automated ordering system to ameliorate effectiveness and efficiency. At Southern Negros Printhaus employs the ordering services. However, it is manual system. It is therefore desired by the researchers to develop computerized ordering system for the said printing press to help improve it service and management. System Description An ordering system designed for Southern Negros Printhaus that provides templates on different types of paperwork allowing customers to choose desired designs and forms with an efficient automated ordering process for better services. System Objective The proposed system aims to provide automated ordering system that functions on computerized recording of transactions. Also intends to provide sample templates for wide customerÃ¢â¬â¢s selection. System Purpose The proposed system aims to deliver enhanced service of the company, organized management process and provide customer satisfactory service through the use of the automated ordering system. Scope of the Study This proposed system can provide sample templates of paperwork to print. It can edit paperwork for printing and can register and record customersÃ¢â¬â¢ orders.
Monday, January 20, 2020
Comparing Hegel and Kant's Views on Reason That "the idea pays the ransom of existence and transienceÃ¢â¬ânot out of its own pocket, but with the passions of individuals" is an idea with categorizes what Hegel calls "the Cunning of Reason" (35). It is in this way that Hegel describes universal Reason, a force which ensures the end of history in its own self-consciousness. Like Kant, Hegel develops a teleological history which moves toward a specific end, and similar to Kant, this end involves the actualization of Reason within human events. However, the path that history takes, according to the two, differs greatly. While both men envision a dichotomous struggle, Kant finds the struggle within mankind while Hegel sees it everyone, even within Reason itself. The Kantian struggle between man's sensuous and rational sides seems almost pacific compared to the divided kingdom of Hegel's. The "cunning of reason" is simply the representation of one of those dichotomiesÃ¢â¬âbetween human intention and human outcome. "[Me n] fulfill their own interests, but something further is thereby bro... Comparing Hegel and Kant's Views on Reason Essay -- Philosophy Comparing Hegel and Kant's Views on Reason That "the idea pays the ransom of existence and transienceÃ¢â¬ânot out of its own pocket, but with the passions of individuals" is an idea with categorizes what Hegel calls "the Cunning of Reason" (35). It is in this way that Hegel describes universal Reason, a force which ensures the end of history in its own self-consciousness. Like Kant, Hegel develops a teleological history which moves toward a specific end, and similar to Kant, this end involves the actualization of Reason within human events. However, the path that history takes, according to the two, differs greatly. While both men envision a dichotomous struggle, Kant finds the struggle within mankind while Hegel sees it everyone, even within Reason itself. The Kantian struggle between man's sensuous and rational sides seems almost pacific compared to the divided kingdom of Hegel's. The "cunning of reason" is simply the representation of one of those dichotomiesÃ¢â¬âbetween human intention and human outcome. "[Me n] fulfill their own interests, but something further is thereby bro...
Sunday, January 12, 2020
The benefit of a PESTLE analysis is that it allows you to complete a basic audit on an organisations position in relation to the macro environment It can then go to influence a number of business decisions within the organisation . I would also use this tool to complete the strength and weaknesses of a SWOT analysis which I believe sits well alongside this tool. I believe the PESTLE framework is a good way to highlight the potential threats to a business yet my concern is that the data collated could be only one side of a coin.For PESTLE analysis to be balanced it may need a Ã¢â¬ËgroupÃ¢â¬â¢ to complete independent reports and then share them together to get a more accurate assessment. I also read up a phrase which I really liked which suggests that the collecting of too much information may make it difficult to see the wood from the trees Ã¢â¬Å"PARALYSIS by ANALYSISÃ¢â¬ PESTLE ANALYSIS ODEON & UIC CINEMA Odeon & UIC Cinema operate in UK and major European countries 236 cinem a and 2179 screens as of December 2012 The PESTLE Analysis below is mainly for the UK arm of the business Political Government review of Film Policy was release Jan 2012 is positive news for the film industry, * Plans to bring film education to all schools and raise interest in the cinema world Economic * Interests rates remain low which should allow for investment in development of new projects * Revenue growth held back due to lower advertising revenues Social cultural * A trip to the cinema is still an affordable form of entertainment. * It caters for all ages and offers varied genre Average age range of highest % of cinema goers is the 24-34 year age * Many of the new developments in the Odeon experience surround the introduction of better food and drink offering collaborating with Costa Coffee, Croma gourmet pizza bar Ã¢â¬ ¦ Technological * Innovation in film quality and special effects is keeping the cinema experience current * Social media utilised for marketing is a growth area * 3-D screens and digital rolled out and completed in uk * 16 I-MAX theatres introduced to UK territory Online purchasing of tickets reducing queue times and booking queries Legal * Government giving strong commitment to deal with piracy and illegal exploitation of intellectual property, * UK Film Tax Relief remains unchanged Ethical and ecological * In the UK Odeon Cinema have backed to key government initiatives , Responsible Drinking and the Health Responsibility pledge * Policies in place to reduce energy, water and waste materials are in place throughout all the territories.
Saturday, January 4, 2020
Frankenstein was the type of Ã¢â¬Å"mad scientistÃ¢â¬ who would isolate himself in a laboratory, secretly creating another human life, only to discover he created a monster (Haynes, 2006). The Frankenstein story was a product of the subconscious rather than the conscious mind of its own author (Haynes, 2006). The monster replied to the beauties of nature, to the joys of domesticity and ideas of excellent novels (Haynes, 2006). The monster had both an alter ego and even denied that he had a child while married to Elizabeth (Haynes, 2006). According to the novel Frankenstein is known as the innocent victim of a mistake and his careless supporter has brought him the brain of a murderer instead of a dignified person, for inserting into his creature (Haynes, 2006). The evil character of the Monster is now considered an experimental error, rather than the predictable result of FrankensteinÃ¢â¬â¢s hubris, and the allegation is that the creation of the Monster (Haynes, 2006). The film ended with the Monster being burnt to death and the celebration of FrankensteinÃ¢â¬â¢s wedding to Elizabeth (Haynes, 2006). The film focused on the fact that the creation of the Monster was possible only because Frankenstein would let his normal, healthy mind become filled with evil and perverted thoughts (Haynes, 2006). When the monster eventually fades away, it leaves only his reflection in the mirror (Haynes, 2006). The Strange Case of Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde is about a London lawyer that go by the name Mr. Utterson,Show MoreRelated Cloning, Triumph or Tragedy? Essay1842 Words Ã |Ã 8 Pagesthrough scientific experiments is not a new concept. The idea has been in existence as far back as two hundred years. Mary Shelley was far ahead of her time when she brought the human like creature to life in her writing of Frankenstein, The Modern Prometheus. The story of Frankenstein was written as a myth, yet it continues to leave the world intrigued today. The idea of creating human or animal life is now in the making, except there is a twist to creating this new life. It is known as cloning, bringingRead MoreThe Influence of Alcohol Consumption on Human Behavior:2783 Words Ã |Ã 12 Pagesincrease (Lisman, Kean and Noel 1983); and the time required to process behavioral information also increases (Rugg Coles, 1995). Using two studies, one correlational design and one experimental design, my hypothesi s being tested here is that alcohol consumption would decrease human ability to think critically. Non- Experimental/ Correlational Design In this research, I hypothesize that the amount of alcohol consumed has a strong impact to the lack of ability to think critically in our everyday decisionRead MoreThe Studio System Essay14396 Words Ã |Ã 58 Pagesand even, at times, live narration. But there are some important historical landmarks in the transition to sound. As with the invention of celluloid film and projection, the move to sound involved a great deal of technical trial and error, in addition to jostling for patents. The Jazz Singer American Film Institute Movie poster from The Jazz Singer (1927), starring Al Jolsen. In 1910, for example, the richest studios formed a rather cut-throat oligopoly--TheRead MoreLogical Reasoning189930 Words Ã |Ã 760 Pages................................................................................................... 110 Different Definitions for Different Purposes .............................................................................. 111 How to Avoid Errors when Creating Definitions ..................................................................... 115 Review of Major Points ..................................................................................................................... 118 Read More THE IMPACT OF KNOWLEDGE MANAGEMENT PRACTICES IN IMPROVING STUDENT LEARNING OUTCOMES65118 Words Ã |Ã 261 Pagesas tangible improvements in result during the learning process of students (Garvin, 1993). Indeed, learning and academic assessment can be characterised as two sides of the same coin, in the sense that learning involves detection and correction of errors to improve learning (Argyris Schon, 1978). Of course, valuable learning involves gaining the abilities and experiences which is beyond the academic assessment of students. However, for many educational institutions, assessment and grading practicesRead MoreMetz Film Language a Semiotics of the Cinema PDF100902 Words Ã |Ã 316 Pagesdraw crowds. We know that AndrÃ © Bazin attached great importance to this popularity of the art of motion pictures.2 Although it is by no means rare for an excellent film to be a commercial failure, by and large the cinemaÃ¢â¬â even in its advanced or experimental formsÃ¢â¬âcommands a large audience. Can as much be said for the other arts of our time? Can one really speak of an audience, in the full sense of the word, when referring to the narrow circles of the initiates of abstract painting, serial music, modern
Friday, December 27, 2019
Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels were asked to write a manifesto for a group that they had recently been accepted into, a group known as the Ã¢â¬Å"Communist League,Ã¢â¬ a group of activists that met in London. Marx and Engels Ã¢â¬â though Engels primarily took care of editing and revising, Marx did a large amount of the writing Ã¢â¬â would write The Communist Manifesto for this group. After the manifesto was published, it became one of the most well-known as well as influential pieces of philosophy, and is the reason that Ã¢â¬Å"MarxismÃ¢â¬ exists today. Summary The Communist Manifesto covers a variety of topics, the first and most prominent is likely class struggles. Marx explains in immense detail the unfair relationships between the bourgeoisie and the proletarians and communists. He talks about how these class separations and struggles should be abolished. Equality of opportunity is another big thing that is discussed throughout the book, as well as dealing majorly with class struggle. Marx brings point after point, argument after argument about the necessary equality among people, with a view stating that everybody should work among other things leading to equality among all groups. As the former two reasons may provide reasoning for this, Marx was strong about a revolution. Marx was not okay with the way that society was, and wanted a change he felt was necessary. Going even further than simple equality, Marx also touched on a proletarian dictatorship. More than just bringing the bourgeoisieShow MoreRelatedKarl Marx And Friedrich Engel s974 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesno document has had such far reaching effect as Karl MarxÃ¢â¬â¢s, Communist Manifesto. The Communist Manifesto, hereafter referred to as the CM, was published in London, 1848 and served as the culmination of the collaboration between Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels. The CM was to serve as the basis for the communist platform, a political system which, in MarxÃ¢â¬â¢s and EngelÃ¢â¬â¢s view, served as the final destination in the natural progression of society. Marx attributed this progression to the idea that Ã¢â¬Å"classRead MoreKarl Marx And Friedrich Engels1626 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesKarl Marx and Friedrich Engels, the infamous villains of capitalism, were authors who wrote The Communist Manifesto. Their theory argues that class struggles or the exploitation of one class by another will give rise to a new world order in which society as a whole will take control of their own destines. This involves the battles between the proletarians and bourgeoisie, communism and democracy, and final capitalism and socialism. However, since the times of Marx and Engel communism has been slowlyRead MoreKarl Marx and Friedrich Engels1940 Words Ã |Ã 8 PagesNow days Karl Marx is still consider one of the most significant and influential thinkers of all times. Karl Marx with the help of EngelÃ¢â¬â¢s, which was also a political philosopher were the fathers of communist or socialism which was almost establish successfully in Russia. They provided a complex and philosophical analysis of capitalist societies which is still influencing major changes in the societies. Marx opposed to the principles of capitalism and considers that it was an economic system controlRead MoreCommunism Created By Karl Marx And Friedrich Engels799 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesphilosophy and form of government that has been used all over the world. It was created by Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels. For the most part it has failed to build stable and prosperous nations. What fact ors caused communism to fail? Can we identify those factors and avoid it entirely? We must try to, and preserve our successful form of government. The creators of communism are Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels. Karl Marx was born on May 5, 1818 into a well off German family. He eventually attended universityRead MoreThe Communist Manifesto By Karl Marx And Friedrich Engels1746 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesthe government can do that is acceptable. Niccolo Machiavelli wrote The Prince, in which he argues that people are naturally immoral and will do what they can, whether good or bad, to maintain well-liked. In The Communist Manifesto by Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels, the main argument is that humans are rational and would be able to govern themselves as a result of have one single class. When thoroughly analyzing each of the political works, it is clear that the main motivating factors behind eachRead MoreThe Communist Manifesto By Karl Marx And Friedrich Engels Essay929 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesÃ¢â¬Å"The Communist ManifestoÃ¢â¬ Ã¢â¬â the work of Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels was published on February 21, 1848. This book is the fir st document of scientific communism and the first program of the international communist organizations and parties. It is the most systematic work of all thoughts and great teachings of Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels. Ã¢â¬Å"The Communist ManifestoÃ¢â¬ consists of the main statements of the materialistic conception of history, the impartial laws of social development, the laws ofRead MoreThe Communist Manifesto By Karl Marx And Friedrich Engels1255 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesThe Communist Manifesto was written by Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels to begin explaining Communism and its goals. The Manifesto suggests that history acts according to what is called Ã¢â¬Å"class struggle.Ã¢â¬ The Ã¢â¬Å"means of productionÃ¢â¬ are what truly defines the class relationships according to Marx and Engels (Marx 2002). Inevitably, the classes conflict and become hostile, no longer moving fluidly (Spalding 2000). The Manifesto states that this conflict becomes so severe that it eventually become s a revolutionRead MoreFrederick Douglass And Karl Marx And Friedrich Engels1137 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesBoth authors Frederick Douglass and Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels focus on the topic of freedom. Both authors argue that they are being oppressed. However, this is where the similarities end. Engels and Marx believed that capitalism was a social system used by the proletariats to oppress the bourgeoisie, and that the only way to be free was to fight back against the system. On the other hand, Frederick Douglass focuses more on his individual story and his struggle for freedom, while he tries toRead MoreThe Communist Manifesto By Karl Marx And Friedrich Engels2286 Words Ã |Ã 10 Pagesmeeting, Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels were commissioned to write a manifesto which soon became known as the Communist Manifesto. Ã¢â¬Å"A road map to historyÃ¢â¬â¢s most important political document.Ã¢â¬ These words on the cover of one of the books newest editions to The Communist Manifesto r epresents that this document has been translated into many different form; this particular remake was meant for all levels of education. After reading the newly edited document by Karl Marx and Frederick Engels there isRead MoreThe Communist Manifesto By Karl Marx And Friedrich Engels831 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesAdam Hilt November 4, 2015 COMM 8200 Analysis of The Communist Manifesto A spectre is haunting Europe--the spectre of Communism. The Communist Manifesto reflects an attempt by Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels to explain the goals of Communism, as well as the theory behind the movement. Marx sees all of Europe allied against the idea of communism and consistently demonizes it and its followers. This caused the Communists to assemble in London and create this Manifesto in order to make their views
Thursday, December 19, 2019
Plagiarism is a topic that is consistently brought up in many areas of education.1 In every syllabus presented to students, there is a section that refers to plagiarism and academic integrity. Plagiarism can be defined as Ã¢â¬Å"the act or instance of stealing or passing off ideas or words of another as oneÃ¢â¬â¢s own.Ã¢â¬ 2 Despite this being an important piece of information; students may overlook this material and still plagiarize. In a study from the University of Toronto, 90% of senior pharmacy students admitted to performing at least 1 form of academic dishonesty over the course of their program.3 Recent literature also states that plagiarism has begun to show up more frequently in academic institutions.2-6 This can be a result of increasing access to the internet, databases, and websites.4 In professional literature, plagiarism can still be found in medical publications.2 This is an issue because development of proper professional and ethical behaviors relies on honest a cademic integrity.3 The purpose of this paper is to examine the current research on the reasons for plagiarism, how plagiarism affects professionalism and proper ways to prevent this issue from happening for graduate students. The major reason for why these academic dishonest acts can happen is related to students not understanding what is considered Ã¢â¬Å"cheatingÃ¢â¬ or plagiarism.3,4 There are different levels of plagiarism which students perceive differently regarding the seriousness of the act.2 In a survey ofShow MoreRelatedPlagiarism And Plagiarism For Academic Integrity995 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pages In my opinion, academic integrity refers to the principles associated with being honest and responsible in one academic work. Academic integrity is a vital concept for all academic institutions throughout the globe especially in an era where academic dishonesty is gaining momentum. Cheating and plagiarism represent unethical academic behaviors against which higher academic institutions have been battling against. Nowadays, plagiarism and cheating tools have been greatly influenced by new technologicalRead MorePlagiarism And Academic Integrity999 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesAcademic integrity is a set o f coherent principles and values that each student should adhere to while pursuing a higher education. These values endorse the very mission of academics in its entirety. integrity, trustworthiness, hard-work, and persistence are all behaviors that interpret personal and professional attributes of Academic integrity (Missouri, 2017). Plagiarism plays a very detrimental part in violation these principles which can lead to serious consequences academically. PlagiarismRead MoreAcademic Integrity And Student Plagiarism1622 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesThis essay concerns the issues of academic integrity as plagiarism and buying essays. This work addresses, much attention will be paid to the background of breaches of academic integrity. StudentsÃ¢â¬â¢ behavior will be described and thoroughly analyzed. This essay will provide an understanding that current educational system itself creates prerequisites for such violations. Nowadays, American students try to subvert the educational system by using plagiarism in essays. The educational system tries toRead MoreWhy Plagiarism Is Important For Academic Integrity?1731 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesWhat is the Role of Plagiarism in regards to Academic Integrity? Plagiarism, Ã¢â¬Å"the act of using another person s words or ideas without giving credit to that person: the act of plagiarizing somethingÃ¢â¬ (Merriam-Webster, 2017), is said to be reaching epidemic proportions (Park,2003). Throughout history, plagiarism has been an issue, however, the severity and the implications where not fully understood until the development of the printing press in the 17th century. Now in the age of information sharingRead MorePlagiarism Is Not The Right Way903 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesPlagiarism has been around for a long time, nowadays itÃ¢â¬â¢s easier to tell if someone plagiarizes. Plagiarism is not the way to go it is not worth the risk and definitely has it consequences. Plagiarism is an act or instance of using or closely imitating the thoughts of another author without authorization and passing it as your own (Dictionary.com). Plagiarism is the work of those who are not willing to put in the time and effort it takes to write original content. Which can be a form of cheatingRead MorePlagiarism : Plagiarism And Plagiarism815 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pages There are many types of plagiarism, including several scenarios of inadvertent and deliberate plagiarism. This essay will discuss how plagiarism is defined, the various types of plagiarism, why plagiarism is such a serious problem, the impact of the internet on academic integrity, and how plagiarism can be avoided. It will also provide suggestions on ways to eliminate both inadvertent and deliberate plagiarism. There are several ways to define plagiarism. One such definition, according to the RegisRead MoreThe Silent Harm of Plagiarism Essay1009 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesmind when we think about plagiarism, many people may think of theft or the act of stealing intellectual property. According to Webster-MerriamsÃ¢â¬â¢ dictionary, plagiarism is Ã¢â¬Å"the act stealing and passing off (the ideas and words of others) as oneÃ¢â¬â¢s ownÃ¢â¬ (Webster-Merriam). Webster seems to have left a little something out. Plagiarism is not just the act of stealing oneÃ¢â¬â¢s work. It is also the result of ethical deterioration of academic integrity. In the discussion of plagiarism, a controversial issue isRead MorePlagiarism and the Deterioration of Ethical Values Essay1007 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesWhat comes to ones mind when we think about plagiarism, according to Webster-MerriamsÃ¢â¬â¢ dictionary plagiarism is Ã¢â¬Å"the act stealing and passing off (the ideas and words of others) as ones ownÃ¢â¬ (Webster-Merriam). Webster seems to have left a little something out, plagiarism is not just the act of stealing ones work, it is also the result of ethical deterioration of academic integrity. In discussion of plagiarism, a controversial issue is whether plagiarism is taken serious enough and what the severityRead MoreAction Plan and Annotated Bibliography on Maintaining Academic Honesty1390 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesAction plan: maintaining academic honesty Academic dishonesty is a serious issue for anyone regardless of the discipline they are pursuing or the contextual factors. It undermines the quality of the end product such as the services that the person engaging in academic dishonesty will provide in the future. It also beats the purpose of going through academic institutions that provide facilities and facilitators in the education process. Academic dishonesty is, therefore, wrong in all forms and isRead More The Problems of Plagiarism Essay1199 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesPlagiarism is an academic misconduct in which students use someoneÃ¢â¬â¢s ideas or information in their work without proper referencing. While western culture insists that sources of words, ideas, images, sounds be documented for academic purposes, Ã¢â¬Å"plagiarism is now recognized as a serious problem especially in university where students are just copying words from web sites or someone elseÃ¢â¬â¢s workÃ¢â¬ (The Owl At Purdue, 2007 ). According to East (2 006, p.16), Ã¢â¬Å"many Australian universities are now developing